Court rebukes Harper on Omar Khadr case

[by Barry Weisleder]

Federal Court Justice James O’Reilly ordered the government of Conservative Prime Minister Stephen Harper to seek the return of Canadian Omar Khadr from the U.S. prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Khadr has been held at Gitmo for nearly seven years, without trial, for allegedly killing a U.S. soldier in Afghanistan when Khadr was 15 years old.

Canada’s Supreme Court has ruled that the Guantanamo military tribunal process under former U.S. President George Bush “constitutes a clear violation of fundamental human rights.” The U.S. Supreme Court made a similar ruling. U.S. President Barack Obama wants Guantanamo shut down.

But Harper shrugged off the April 23 court order to request Khadr’s repatriation, and is pondering an appeal. Harper’s stonewalling comes on the heels of other actions that speak volumes about the character of the Conservative government and the P.M.

Those actions are: 1) A vicious repeat attack on civil liberties; 2) Cancellation of funding to an ethnic organization due to the antiwar views of its outspoken president; and 3) Blocking the visit of a popular British parliamentarian due to his opposition to foreign wars of occupation.

In the first place, the Conservatives are moving to restore Draconian police and court powers that existed under the Anti-Terrorism Act. The act expired in 2007 under a five-year sunset clause. Justice Minister Rob Nicholson plans to reinstate those powers, including preventive arrest for 72 hours of persons the authorities think are about to commit a terrorist act, and up to a year of detention if the person in question refuses to accept court-ordered restrictions on his freedom. ‘Investigative hearings’ that could force people to testify would be part of this law.

Holding people without charge, and compelling them to testify even if they incriminate themselves, are a gross violation of civil liberties. The previous law was allowed to terminate when it was apparent that it did not protect public safety, and that it only contributed to a climate of victimization in the service of a right-wing, pro-war agenda.

Pursuit of that agenda seems evident also in connection with the government’s decision to cut funding to the Canadian Arab Federation. CAF President Khaled Mouammar called Tory Immigration Minister Jason Kenney a “professional whore” after Kenney criticized the presence of Hezbollah and Hamas flags at anti-Israel rallies in Toronto. The Conservative government is renown for its uncritical support for apartheid Israel, including the recent Zionist state assault on Gaza that led to the massacre of over 1400 Palestinians, mostly civilians.

The Arab federation received a $447,297 contribution from Kenney’s department to operate a settlement program in Toronto for two years, teaching new immigrants language and job searching skills. Mouammar told the media that Kenney’s decision will hurt newcomers to Canada, not just Arabs. Arabs make up only 5 per cent of those who receive CAF’s settlement services, which Mouammar said were among the best in the Toronto area. Mouammar described Kenney’s decision is “vindictive” and accused him of promoting Islamophobia internationally.

“This government is anti-Arab and anti-Muslim,” he said, adding that the federal government has refused to meet with the Canadian Arab Federation or the Canadian Islamic Congress since Prime Minister Stephen Harper came to power.

The third and most recent ugly outrage was the decision of the Canadian Border Services Agency to bar British MP George Galloway entry to Canada, where he was scheduled to speak in four cities. Immigration Minister Jason Kenney refused to use his powers to overturn the ban. He claims Galloway is barred, not due to his opposition to the wars of occupation in Afghanistan and Iraq, but because of support for terrorism.

But Galloway, five times re-elected to Parliament, now leading the leftist RESPECT party, does not politically support Hammas, which Ottawa labels as terrorist. He only supports the right of the Palestinian people to elect to government the party of their choice, which happens to be the Hammas party. It won a majority of the seats in the Palestine Authority election of January 2006.

Even in the pages of the very right-wing National Post, writer John Ivison felt compelled to point out that if “the grounds for inadmissibility include acts of espionage, subversion or terrorism”, that “donating a fire engine, 12 ambulances, a fishing boat, trucks full of medicine, blankets, shoes and children’s toys to the people of Gaza hardly seems to fit the bill.”

Although the ham-fisted policy of the Tories gave Galloway’s anti-imperialist views a much bigger audience (his voice and image were transmitted via the internet to thousands of people at meetings in Canada, after a legal challenge failed to have Galloway admitted to Canada), Kenney’s position nonetheless sets a dangerous precedent.

Along with the other nasty initiatives, it seems to set the stage for a period of escalating censorship and repression that at least one wing of the Canadian ruling class deems necessary in order to curb dissent and protest as the economic crisis deepens. Where have we seen this picture before?

Bosses fire pregnant women workers

[by Barry Weisleder]

There is a disturbing surge in cases of pregnant women being fired by bosses, with the economic crisis cited as the excuse. The Ontario Human Rights Legal Support Centre, an independent agency funded by the province to provide free legal services to people experiencing discrimination, reports it is now receiving 10 to 15 calls a week on this issue. Nearly 50 years after Ontario enacted the Human Rights Code to prevent such discrimination, some bosses brazenly violate it.

Consuelo Rubio of the OHRLSC told the Toronto Star (April 24), “We actually have an e-mail from one employer saying, ‘Sorry, but with your little bundle, I don’t think we’ll be able to (re)hire you. We want a permanent solution.'” Most firings seem to occur soon after women announce they are pregnant, says Rubio. That puts women’s maternity leave benefits at risk, since to qualify for full benefits they must work 600 hours within the 52 weeks before filing.

This outrageous and illegal conduct extends to mistreatment of injured and disabled workers. The legal centre is investigating the case of a car parts plant in Peterborough, Ont., that laid off 18 unionized employees—all of whom had either claimed disability benefits or were on modified work assignments because of an injury—and hired 18 ‘healthy’ workers.

The truth is, the best remedy for bad bosses and capitalist economic depression is the same—and it isn’t more lawyers.

A May Day Celebration in Toronto, Canada

Scores of people crowded into the Free Times Cafe last night for the 23rd annual Toronto Socialist Action May Day celebration. The politics, the music, the diversity of the crowd were all superb.

Speakers included: Jorge Soberon, Consul General of Cuba in Toronto, John Clarke, Organizer, Ontario Coalition Against Poverty, Anitta Satkunarajah, NGO relations co-ordinator, CanadianHART, Tamil community, Nchamah Miller of the Communist Party of Colombia, Ali Mallah, Vice-President of the Canadian Arab Federation, member of CUPE, and V.P. (Alternate) of CLC, Niraj Joshi of the Toronto Haiti Action Committee. The event was chaired by Elizabeth Byce, federal Treasurer, NDP Socialist Caucus, and retired member of the Toronto Local, Canadian Union of Postal Workers.

Wonderful, world class singers and musicians entertained the crowd. The performers included: Jon Brooks, 2008 Porcupine Winner ‘Mac Beattie Award’, 2007 Canadian Folk Music Award Nominee ‘Best Songwriter’; Marianne Girard, roots/alternative country singer-song writer with 2 CDs attracting praise; Bill Heffernan, activist, teacher and song smith; Glen Hornblast, folk singer on the social justice scene; and Smokey Dymny, an IWW rebel troubadour.

Below is a copy of the speech I delivered to the gathering on behalf of Socialist Action.

Happy May Day!

Barry Weisleder,
federal secretary, Socialist Action / Ligue pour l’Action socialiste

Socialist Action greetings to May Day 2009

The global economic crisis is still in its early stages. Already it has devastated so many lives. Millions are without jobs, housing and food. Comparisons come to mind. In the depths of the 1930s the unemployment rate in Canada was 25%. The stock market had lost 90% of its value. It took a world war to mobilize Capital, to destroy competition, and to end the Great Depression. The programmatic response of the CCF in 1933 was the Regina Manifesto. It stated that “the CCF will not rest until capitalism has been eradicated.” It called for public ownership of the commanding heights of the economy. Perhaps it’s time to go back to the future.

What are some features of the present global economic crisis, and what is to be done about it? Major world markets have lost 50% of their value. Major US banks have failed. Giant corporations are on the verge of bankruptcy. Under-developed countries are deep in turmoil. The industrialized world is moving rapidly beyond mere recession. The U.S. economy shrank by 6%, Japan by 12.7%. The Canadian GDP will shrink by 3 per cent this year. Unemployment will rise to 10.5 per cent next year. Kevin Page, Parliament’s budget officer, predicts that in the first half of 2009, total jobs in Canada will fall by 380,000 – half of them in manufacturing. Statistics Canada has another measure of unemployment. When you add to the ‘officially jobless’ three more groups – discouraged workers, those waiting to be re-called, and the involuntary part-time workers – it turns out that the real rate of unemployment was up sharply in February 2009 from a year earlier. It went from 8.9 to 11.7 per cent. So, what will it be this summer? 15 per cent? For youth, immigrants and visible minorities it’ll be much higher. In aboriginal communities the numbers are right off the chart.

Tommy Douglas once described depression this way:

“In an economic downturn, a worker tightens his belt. In a recession, the belt is replaced by suspenders. In a depression, the bankers take away the suspenders, and your pants just fall to the floor.”

There’s also a lot of talk about Liquidity. Here’s a definition:

“Liquidity occurs when you look at your retirement funds and you wet your pants.”

The nature of the present crisis, say establishment economists, is a credit crunch – over-extended credit, toxic debt. Marxists say that is an over-simplification, superficial. The real roots of the crisis reside in the fundamental contradictions of capitalism. Production under capitalism occurs without a plan. It is production for profit, as opposed to meeting human needs. It breeds over-production. Giant monopolies, which no longer compete for price, produce a mass of useless and wasteful things. Those products are foisted on a consumer market of workers with frozen or declining incomes. We are nagged 24 hours a day to buy stuff that often we can buy only on credit.

Over the past 20 years the economy shifted from real production to financialization. That deepened the system’s dependence on debt as a prop. Toxic debt, highly leveraged, was criminally sold and re-sold. Added to this are escalating military expenditures. War spending can support production, but for only so long. Such factors made the bubble bigger. Then the bubble burst. But the crisis was coming anyway. Fundamentally the crisis is a feature of the business cycle. Its scope is now more global than ever. The crisis is rooted in a system of chronic over-accumulation, overproduction and business anarchy. That awful system is monopoly capitalism.

The capitalist rulers stand to lose a lot in an economic crisis. That’s why they turn to politicians like Obama. But they can also use a crisis to kill competition, to re-launch production, to revive their wretched system. They do that by making workers pay for their crisis. They know how to apply the Shock Doctrine. They use economic shocks to hammer down popular expectations and to roll back past gains of the working class.

We see many examples of this. Slashed wages. Reduced or cancelled pensions. Foreclosed mortgages. Jacked up fees. Curtailed benefits and services. Administrators are test flying the idea of raising university and college fees by 25%. U of T is imposing a yearly flat fee, regardless of course load. The federal government slashed the CBC budget. Welfare is kept at a starvation level. Then there’s the Ontario Liberal budget: tax cuts for corporations, and “harmonized” sales tax increases for everyone else.

As well, governments turn to repression. The feds re-introduced so-called anti-terrorism laws. They use detention, security certificates, secret trials, and deadly Tasers in the hands of trigger-happy cops. They bar British MP George Galloway. Colleges ban anti-Israeli Apartheid posters on campus. Politicians vilify Muslims and Arabs, and cut funds to an ESL programme run by the Canadian Arab Federation because the CAF president criticized Tory Minister Jason Kenney. The authorities unleash waves of arrests of Muslim and Black youths based on scant evidence. They arrest native leaders who oppose uranium mining on their lands, limit the right to strike for workers in Saskatchewan, cancel pay equity for women workers at the federal level and in Quebec, and let’s not forget the imperialist war in Afghanistan and the Canadian cops occupying Haiti.

The rulers didn’t wait for the depression to put on the big squeeze. They engineered a widening gap between the rich and the rest of us. Basic social benefits and expenditures were attacked, eroded, and clawed-back.

During so-called Boom times…. we were going backwards fast.

Remember how Employment Insurance was supposed to be a safety net? But only 43% of those who lose a job qualify for benefits; in Ontario only 32% qualify; in Toronto it is only 24%. In 2007 the E.I. surplus was $54 billion. Federal Human Resources Minister Diane Finley said, “We do not want to make it lucrative for them to stay home and get paid for it.” Isn’t that a despicable example of attacking people when they’re down?

Prime Minister Harper, in his ‘stimulus budget’, after suspending Parliament, froze premiums and extended EI coverage only 5 weeks, while giving billions to the auto giants. Auto workers are told they haven’t sacrificed enough. The logic behind this was revealed in a speech Harper gave in Edmonton in early April. He said “as soon as the recession ends, our country will face a long-run challenge of labour shortage”. In other words, he’s telling the bosses to slash wages and benefits now, to give themselves a cushion for when labour will seek to bid up wages, etc. It’s a tactic in the war against workers. It’s about profits. It has nothing to do with economic recovery.

We do see the beginning of a fight back here. In 2007, workers in southern Ontario steel and auto parts plants, like Collins & Aikman Corp., and Masonite, occupied their factories, demanding just severance. Last Fall, in Chicago, workers at Republic Window and Doors occupied their plant and won back pay. In mid-March, at Aradco in Windsor, Ontario workers occupied the plant, and other unionists surrounded it, to get severance, holiday pay and other monies owed. It was the sixteenth time this had happened to CAW members in the last eighteen months in the auto parts industry. But Chrysler got a court injunction, and moved the parts and tools south. The union got about half of the outstanding $1.5 million. These are defensive struggles — strong at the base, weak at the top. But what if unions here started fighting, not just for severance, but for public ownership and democratic control? Well, that’s the next chapter. We see it coming.

Around the world there is a growing storm of revolt. We’ve seen the sudden fall of governments in Iceland and Latvia, and widespread rebellions in Greece and across the EU, with millions in the streets. In France, some workers have held bosses hostage until their demands are met. Massive and prolonged general strikes in Guadeloupe and Martinique, in the French Antilles, were victorious. Latin Americans are engaged in a full scale revolt against neoliberalism, led by Venezuela’s Bolivarian revolution. The aspiration of a new socialism for the 21st century is envisioned also in Bolivia and Ecuador, and practised in Cuba. The IMF and the World Bank are being crowded out of Latin America by ALBA which fosters fair trade and mutual assistance. The revolution in Nepal raises new hopes in Asia. China itself is experiencing unrest on a huge scale.

Remember the Chinese saying: ‘A crisis is also an opportunity.’ Will this crisis be an opportunity for the Left in Canada?

How can it be an opportunity for the Left unless we challenge capitalism, root and branch?

And if we don’t challenge capitalism now, then when the heck should we challenge it?

Some apologists for capitalism say “We’re all socialists now. Even the US and UK governments have nationalized the banks”.

But those apologists are a little confused. Socialism isn’t about nationalizing debt. Socialism aims to nationalize wealth, to take democratic control of real assets, and to re-organize production to serve human needs, and do it on the basis of workers’ and community control.

Let’s start with the auto industry. When Ottawa and Queen’s Park go to the rescue of Big Auto should we trust the designers of the Hummer? Should we trust the brains behind every gas-guzzling SUV?

Our view is that there should be no public investment without public equity. We say it’s time to get public control for public tax money, most of which comes from workers. It’s time for democracy in the work place, and for social responsibility over the big economy.

John Maynard Keynes once wrote: “Capitalism is the astounding belief that the wickedest of men will do the wickedest of things for the greatest good of everyone.”

Why should society continue to be a slave to this madness, to the irrationality of the capitalist mode of production? Even if recovery occurred tomorrow, why should we allow this destructive insanity to repeat every ten or twenty years?

It is time to break the logic of capitalist business cycles, of capitalist waste and oppression. It is time to put an end to profit from war and environmental destruction. Socialist Action advocates a number of concrete measures. We say: No to labour concessions!

Put people before profits. Nationalize the banks and Big Auto. Create jobs through public investment, public ownership, democratic planning and workers’ control. Convert industry, transportation, and homes to green, energy efficiency. Repair our disintegrating roads, bridges, railways and port facilities. Make E.I. more generous and more accessible. Raise the minimum wage to $16/hour, indexed to the cost of living. Shorten the work week to 30 hours without loss of pay or benefits. Abolish student debt. Make all education free. Protect pensions. Fund health care and the arts. No corporate bail-out. Open the company books. Steeply tax corporations, speculators, and the rich. Abolish the GST. Uphold aboriginal land claims and local self-governance. Hands off migrant workers. End the occupation of Afghanistan and Haiti. Impose boycott, divestment and sanctions against Israeli apartheid and against the genocidal regime in Sri Lanka. Reduce the Canadian military to a disaster-relief, search and rescue force. Get Canada out of NATO now!

To achieve a socialist alternative at a time when world conditions cry out for one, we must challenge the pro-capitalist direction of the unions and the NDP. A good place to start is to reject any NDP coalition with the Liberal Party or with any party of the business class. Coalition with capitalist parties would spell the demise of the NDP as a political force. It would further reduce its accountability to the most class conscious section of the working class. It would quicken the unravelling of medicare, public education, environmental safeguards, labour rights, women’s rights, civil liberties and consumer protection.

We need a fighting perspective for the working class, for the unions, and for the NDP as a labour party. We need a real debate that puts capitalism on trial. That is what we aim to do at the NDP federal convention in Halifax in August. We’ll be developing our policies and strategy at the Socialist Caucus conference on Sunday, May 10 at OISE U of Toronto. We invite you to join us there. Ours is a call for democracy, anti-militarism and socialism.

But a call is not enough. We need finances and human resources to spread this message far and wide. We need to wage the fight for policy and action across the workers’ movement, and we need to take it into the streets and work places where the coming battles will be decisive.

We need a real revolutionary socialist party to campaign for change, everywhere and every day. We need to forge a leadership of the working class that can win. This cannot be done without you. So now it’s your turn to get involved.

We used to ask the question: “What are you waiting for, a depression?”

Well?

The crisis is here. Rebellion is in the air. Socialist Action needs you now. Together we can build the party that will cleanse this planet of exploitation and oppression forever. Join us tonight. The winds of change are blowing our way. Together we will win.

Long live international workers’ day!

Solidarity against the crisis!

Long live the struggle for freedom, social justice and workers’ power!

New Ontario NDP Leader Andrea Horwath ‘Winks’ Left

[by Barry Weisleder/April 2009]

Two wings of the party establishment squared off in an eight-month-long battle that culminated in the election of Andrea Horwath as the first female Leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party on March 7. Leftist pressure at the Hamilton Convention Centre was evident too, and registered some progress. The leadership ballot was a mail-in and e-vote affair, open to all members. Only about 11,500 of 24,000 members participated.

Horwath, 46, the NDP MPP for Hamilton East and a former local city councillor, winked to the left, but steered firmly to the centre. She stressed her working-class roots, her protest coalition organizing experience, and the need for labour law reform. She enjoyed the support of the Steelworkers’ union, CUPE Ontario, the Catholic Teachers’ federation, and the Ontario Federation of Labour tops.

The runner up was Peter Tabuns, MPP for Toronto Danforth, who had the backing of the Lewis clan, that of former federal NDP leader Ed Broadbent and other conservative elements of the party hierarchy. Tabuns advanced a pro-market green technology perspective, which attracted some youths and the latte crowd, while obscuring Tabuns’ anti-labour record as former boss of Greenpeace Canada.

Gilles Bisson, MPP for the far north riding of Timmins James Bay, the most openly pro-business, ‘tough on crime’ guy, and a Cabinet accomplice of the infamous NDP Social Contract and Bob Rae-days, came a distant third. Michael Prue, MPP for Toronto’s Beaches East York riding, an advocate of more democracy in the party, more money for municipalities, and putting an end to public funding for Catholic separate schools, ran a disappointing fourth.

During the campaign Prue evolved to the left. He embraced some policies of the NDP Socialist Caucus, arguing that 50 per cent of convention time should be devoted to policy debate, and that to prevent steel and auto producers from closing, public ownership should be utilized. On this basis, the SC extended critical support to Prue. He dismayed his supporters after the first ballot, however, by endorsing Bisson. Few of Prue’s voters followed his example.

The Ontario New Democratic Youth at its convention on Nov. 22 voted to endorse Tabuns. Prue was a close second choice of the ONDY; the others were far behind.

The leadership race was a kind of low-key, long-distance sideshow, occurring in the shadow of the unfolding global capitalist crisis. Devastating job losses in forestry, auto, and steel dominated the news. Ontario alone lost over 180,000 good jobs since the summer. Horwath was best able to tap into concern about this, using language that seemed to challenge the system.

In her nomination speech, Horwath said, “Look at the difference a year has made. The middle class is disappearing and the working class is largely unemployed. We could accept this and adjust. That’s what the other parties say. But adjust to what? Growing unemployment lines and growing food bank lines? Adjust to this growing discrepancy? Adjust so that those who stole our money can get more of it? We refuse to adjust!”

Despite these defiant words, she offered no commitment to keep industries operating and jobs alive, no pledge to make the rich pay. She just reiterated NDP demands for better employment insurance access, job re-training, protection for pensions, and state subsidies for ‘responsible’ businesses. All of Prue’s opponents denounced his call for a debate on religious school funding, but Horwath’s position was the most intolerant. She decried Prue’s proposal as “the politics of division” and a diversion—rather than recognize party democracy as a valid issue, alongside chronic education under-funding, a class-biased tax regime, and NDP hypocrisy towards a variety of non-funded religious denominations.

As usual, the convention was a tightly orchestrated affair. Less than four hours were allocated for debating and voting on policy resolutions during three days.

Despite many obstacles, the NDP Socialist Caucus rose to the occasion, tapping into an emergent anti-capitalist sentiment. It was better able than in recent years to force an open debate on social ownership of the economy and public school funding. The SC had a strong and positive presence amongst the over 1000 delegates, alternates, and observers at the gathering.

SC supporters in riding associations, youth clubs, and affiliated unions filled the convention book with submitted resolutions on a wide variety of topics. These included: raising the minimum wage to $16 per hour; eliminating post-secondary tuition fees; reducing the work week without loss of pay or benefits; improving welfare, social housing, food safety, and employment equity, as well as calling for production of all-electric vehicles; a boycott of apartheid Israel; and for building the NDP as a mass party with more labour, visible minority, and grassroots community affiliates.

Socialist Caucus militants successfully appealed at a Resolutions Committee hearing to bring its most radical motion—calling for social ownership of the commanding heights of the economy—to the floor, where, after a lengthy debate, it received the support of nearly 40 per cent of the delegates present. Indeed, it might have passed were it not for a last-minute, demagogic speech by OFL President Wayne Samuelson.

On the Catholic school-funding issue, the party establishment decided not to risk defeat with a strictly stand-pat policy. In the face of aggressive campaigning for change by an alliance of educators, civil libertarians, secularists, and SC supporters, the party brass felt the need to proffer a compromise. It proposed an internal task force to study the question and report within a year. This carried handily, with most observers noting that any officially sanctioned discussion of change in this controversial area amounts to a big concession by the party brass.

With all the talk about socialism, the ‘s’ word increasingly sprouted in the speeches of the Leader candidates and other prominent figures. But policy clung closely to the pro-capitalist line, despite more vocal opposition than usual. Adopted resolutions, emanating from the top brass, offer: “a lifeline of credit to the auto sector”, tax credits for investors, “buy Ontario” and “buy Canada” protectionist policies, employment insurance reform, and “more stimulus” spending, with job guarantees to be required of state-aided firms.

In response to the announced shutdown of U.S. Steel Co. operations in Ontario, an approved ‘emergency’ resolution proposed to “explore alternatives”. Peter Leibovitch, Vice-President of the Steelworkers local at Stelco Lake Erie Works, revealed to a hushed assembly that the original resolution of the submitting Steel local included a call for nationalization, but this was deleted from the version that came to the floor.

Ironically, due to insufficient debate time, and time squandered in procedural disputes and referrals, establishment resolutions calling for a higher minimum party membership fee, and more stringent requirements to prioritize motions in advance, did not get to the floor for a vote. Setbacks like these, along with the defeat of Tabuns, put a long face on more than a few party hacks by the weekend’s close.

Party leftists, on the other hand, were smiling. Socialist Caucus candidates for the Ontario NDP Executive won significant support—for vice president positions, SC candidates got 29 and 20 per cent of the votes cast by delegates; for two at-large executive officer posts SCers won about 27 per cent; and for president, 14 per cent.

Nearly 900 free copies of the SC publication Turn Left were snapped up. Two SC public forums at meal breaks attracted over 25 and 35 delegates respectively, notwithstanding a poor venue and heavy competition from other events held at the same time. Dozens of delegates signed up to join the Socialist Caucus. Party members purchased over $200 in literature and buttons at an SC display table.

Conspicuous by their absence were supporters of the new leftist Ginger Project and the Fightback group (save for one press seller). The left-reformist Socialist Project commented on the convention, after the fact. An assessment written by two academics, published in the SP e-bulletin The Bullet, misinterprets the outcome as a possible ‘turn to the working class’ or ‘to the left’, while at the same time it strongly discourages any involvement in the NDP. It even counterposes the “theoretical, organizational and cultural alternative” of “the socialist left”, that comprises mere dozens or at best hundreds of radicals, to the ONDP’s 24,000 members and 740,000 voters, which it ludicrously seems to discount.

On March 5, Ontario Conservative Leader John Tory was defeated in his personal bid for a seat in the Haliburton-Kawartha Lakes-Brock by-election by Liberal Rick Johnson. This means that the provincial Progressive Conservatives will be embroiled in a battle to select a new leader, at least up to June 27, while the Ontario Liberal government continues to sink under the weight of the economic depression and its feeble prescriptions. This gives the NDP, and its youthful leader, an opportunity to seize the time, to project a dynamic, critical, and comprehensive alternative.

When the bourgeois media, including putatively left-of-centre Toronto tabloids like NOW magazine and Eye Weekly, bemoan the “conventional”, lunch bucket, ‘stuck-in-the-past’ NDP, they are really gnashing their teeth at the resilient, proudly working-class nature of the party and its strong ties to organized labour. It is precisely those characteristics, plus indispensable (though still elusive) socialist policies, that are increasingly relevant as humanity confronts the deepening crisis of global capitalism.

Soon we shall see how far Andrea Horwath is prepared to move in the direction of socialist solutions, now so urgently needed.

The Definitive Fidel

[by Barry Weisleder/March 2009]

If you are interested in the life of Fidel Castro, his role in the Cuban Revolution (now in its 50th year), and in many major events that shaped the second half of the 20th century, this is the book you have long awaited.

“Fidel Castro, My Life—with Ignacio Ramonet” (Penguin Books, 2008, 723 pages) is the exhaustive autobiography that Fidel is just too busy to write. It is based on 100 hours of interviews by the editor of the Paris-based magazine Le Monde Diplomatique. Ramont was also an organizer of the first World Social Forum in Porto Alegre and founded the NGO Media Watch Global.

From a veritable marathon of recorded discussions, spanning December 2005 to February 2008, emerges a very extensive, thoughtful, frank, and fresh account of a truly epic life. And since he meticulously checked the text for accuracy, up to November 2006, it is fair to say that this book records the definitive Fidel.

Are you curious as to how the son of an affluent sugar-cane and livestock farmer became a revolutionary firebrand? From Jesuit college grad to guerrilla warrior to revered socialist statesman, this book traces every critical step.

How Fidel became a Marxist, his first internationalist experiences, why the raid on the Moncada Barracks mis-fired, his recruitment of and collaboration with Ernesto Che Guevara, the landing of the Granma rebel expedition, the ensuing struggle in the Sierra Maestra, and how the rural and urban insurrections converged to overthrow the Washington-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista—it’s all there, in gripping detail.

Read the inside story behind the so-called Cuban missile crisis, the Mariela boat people and the infamous U.S. Adjustment Act (which hypocritically blocks Cuban emmigration), the controversial law on capital punishment, Cuba’s enlightened policies on AIDS, the rights of gays, lesbians and transexuals, the battle against racism, the impact of the break up of the USSR, the rise of the Bolivarian revolution in Venezuela, worldwide economic and environmental crises, and today’s generational transition in Cuba’s leadership.

Castro talks about his role in peace talks between the insurgent FARC and Colombia’s authoritarian President Uribe, his efforts to save Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez from the April 2002 right-wing coup—and the prospects for fair trade, under the auspices of ALBA, to end the stranglehold of foreign capital and its institutions over Latin America.

“My Life” celebrates Cuba’s remarkable achievements in health, education, sports, biotechnology, ecology, and most of all, its aid to national liberation struggles from Algeria to Bolivia to Angola.

The discussion of Cuba’s defeat in 1976-77 of the military forces of apartheid South Africa (Operation Carlota, named for the female leader of the 1843 Cuban slave revolt) is particularly moving. At the same time, the book does not dodge hard questions about internal corruption, economic failings, ‘dissidents’, hijackings, and the ravages of neoliberalism on Cuba and the world.

Fidel acknowledges many problems that beset his nation, but insists on placing them in historical context. Four hundred years of colonial exploitation carves a deep scar into a society. In response to so-called human rights critics, he points out that in Cuba there is no torture, no disappearances, no second-class health care or inferior education, no homelessness.

After all, this is a many decades’-long record that cannot be matched in Latin America or the world, not even by the U.S. and Canada—now sinking under the weight of social cuts and post-9/11 ‘extraordinary rendition’ and secret trials.

The text reveals a prodigious mind with an encyclopedic grasp of dates, places, and personalities. It shows an erudite Castro, a lion of a man disciplined by his experiences in struggle, and governed by enduring principles: honesty, integrity, dedication to public service, and self-sacrifice.

It is not surprising to find a very strong ego inhabiting one who has had to withstand daunting obstacles and withering criticisms (to say nothing of hundreds of CIA-sponsored assassination attempts) as those faced by the Cuban comandante. His loyalty and devotion to ideals, including a passionate rejection of inequality, injustice, and oppression of all kinds are Castro’s exemplary strengths.

He is a self-made revolutionary—a novel kind of Marxist-pragmatist. This unique political strain is a distillation at least partly due to the degeneration under Stalinist policies of the Communist International, and with it the Popular Socialist Party (PSP), its Cuban affiliate. It is also a byproduct of the organizational weakness of the dispersed and persecuted continuators of scientific socialism, whose ideas could not perforate all the thick walls built of lies and distortions.

Castro’s Marxism reveals a persisting practicality. If you are looking for great theoretical penetration and sharp precision in dealing with the key problems of the modern workers’ movement, you may be disappointed. He offers no systematic explanation for such ignoble phenomena as Stalinism, fascism, and the collapse of socialist democracy.

He steers away from the grand questions of working-class strategy. He doesn’t discuss the reformist ‘stages’ theory of revolution promulgated by the Stalinists, or related ideas of class collaboration with liberals in government. These notions are starkly counterposed to the strategy of Permanent Revolution (put forward by Leon Trotsky), which preaches working-class political independence, alliance with the rural poor, and non-reliance on the domestic bourgeoisie.

Indeed, this was the path of Castroism in practice. The first successful socialist revolution in the Americas would have been impossible without it.

There is the spectacle of the Cuban PSP joining the cabinet of Batista in 1940. Fidel expresses regret at this, blaming the PSP’s lack of autonomy inside the degenerated, top-down Comintern. He refers to ‘strategic errors’, without specificity, and without pointing to analogous problems throughout the world Stalinist movement. He declines to examine the revolutions betrayed, and the revolutionaries purged and executed to consolidate the power of a tyrannical and historically regressive faction.

Castro cites ‘errors’ by Stalin, Mao, Tito, etc., as if mere ‘errors’ could account for powerful material forces and their devastating social consequences. Ramonet poses scores of pertinent questions on an array of topics, but he does not probe those lacunae of theory, strategy, and programme.

On the subject of Gorbachev’s reforms (perestroika) and their relevance to Cuba, Castro replies, “Stalinism didn’t occur here; in our country, there was never a phenomenon of that nature—the abuse of power, the cult of personality, statues and all that sort of thing.” Well and good. But it begs the question: Why did it happen in the USSR?

Ramonet asks about the “hegemonic” and repressive behaviour of “pro-Soviet Communist parties”. Fidel responds that he is “not one of those people that criticize historical figures who’ve been satanized by world reaction”.

Then he goes on to say, “So yes, in the Soviet Union, because of its traditions of absolutist government, hierarchical mentality, and feudal or whatever culture, a tendency towards the abuse of power emerged, and especially the habit of imposing one country’s, one hegemonic party’s, authority on all the other countries and parties.”

Given Cuba’s diplomatic betrayal by Khrushchev during the October 1962 missile crisis, Castro could hardly be mute on the harmful effects of hegemonism. Yet his explanation for its roots fall rather short of a rounded materialist one.

For a man who prizes and possesses so much knowledge, it is surprising how little Castro has to say about the major innovations of Marxist theory in the 20th century, such as the theories of workers’ bureaucracy, fascism, and revolutionary crisis. Perhaps this is due to his proximity to, and later his alliance of convenience with the PSP and with the USSR’s rulers.

Is it this reality that interposed such a political gulf between himself and Trotskyism? Castro states that Che, who famously denounced the ‘stages’ misconception and vigorously opposed Stalinist economic methods, never mentioned the ideas of Leon Trotsky to him. Is that possible?

Fidel’s discussion of a number of bourgeois state leaders and arch-capitalist politicians tends to dwell on personality traits, divorced from their policies, separated from the class interests and the nature of the state and other institutions they inhabited. While diplomacy and after-dinner etiquette have their place, they are no substitute for analysis and principled leadership in a perilous world.

It is completely understandable that the revolutionary leader of a small country so close to the imperial behemoth would seek always to find allies and avoid isolation. Still, Castro’s accolades for FDR, John F. Kennedy, Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton seem to go overboard. Implied are illusions in the chief war party of imperialism, or at least in the so-called liberal Democrats who try to mask the rapacity and barbarity of their system.

Will the socialist revolution in Cuba survive capitalist encirclement and hostility? Castro remains firm, and at the same time is realistically frank: “The Yankees can’t destroy this revolutionary process, because we have an entire nation that’s learned to handle weapons, an entire nation that despite our errors, has such a high degree of culture, knowledge and awareness that it will never, ever again allow this country to become a colony of theirs.”

“But this country can self-destruct, can destroy itself … if we are not capable of correcting our errors” (referring to “theft” and “diversions’ of funds, and the enrichment of a few during the ‘special period’ that followed the collapse of the USSR).

The answer, which speaks to the question of future leadership, Fidel provides with his customary passion and clarity: “There will be greater and greater participation, and we will be a nation of a holistic, unified general culture. [Jose] Marti said, ‘Being cultured is the only way to be free.’ Without culture, freedom is not possible.”

To this, let us add that the extension of the socialist revolution across Latin America today is the best hope for the realization of that prescription, for Cuba, and for the world.

“Fidel Castro, My Life” is a worthy substitute for an autobiography by the life-long leader of the healthiest revolution on Earth that has overthrown capitalist minority rule. As the leading architect of the Cuban workers’ state, as its mentor and now eminence-grise, Fidel deserves the deepest admiration of the world. This book amply shows why.

It provides excellent subject and explanatory notes, a detailed chronology of Cuban and world events (1926-2007), and dozens of historically significant photos. It closes with Fidel’s retirement from public office for medical reasons, indicating that his active participation in the ‘battle of ideas’ continues.

If you have any doubt, read “Reflections of Fidel”, the comandante’s regular column in the Cuban daily press, translated and reproduced on countless websites worldwide. But don’t miss out on the inspiring and comprehensive context provided by “Fidel Castro, My Life”.

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